Seafreight import and export

Sea freight is the process of transporting goods and commodities across oceans and seas to move them from one port to another. This type of transportation is one of the oldest and most important methods of maintaining international trade relations and enabling the global exchange of goods and raw materials. As a logistics expert in sea freight to and from Germany, I will give you a detailed description of the different types of sea freight transportation.

Full Container Transport (FCL - Full Container Load):

In full container transportation, a complete container load is shipped from a single shipper to a single consignee. The goods are transported in containers of various sizes, which are standard 20-foot (TEU) or 40-foot (FEU) long. FCL Sea Freight Services offer greater security because the container is sealed during transit and typically undergoes fewer handling operations. It is ideal for large shipments and can be more cost effective than other options.

Less than Container Load (LCL) transportation:

In this type of ocean freight transportation, multiple smaller shipments from different shippers are combined into one container and shipped together. This is ideal for shippers whose freight volume is too small to fill their own container. Costs are calculated based on freight volume or weight, and the goods are separated from each other at the port of destination and delivered to the respective consignees.

RoRo-Transport (Roll-on/Roll-off):

RoRo ships are specially designed for the transportation of rolling cargo, such as cars, trucks, trailers or rail vehicles. The vehicles are driven onto the ship and secured there. They are then driven off the ship again at the port of destination. RoRo transportation is a fast and efficient method of transporting rolling cargo between ports.


In this type of sea freight transportation, goods that cannot be transported in containers due to their size or shape are loaded individually or on pallets, sacks or big bags. Examples of such goods are construction machinery, wind turbines or steel beams. Break-bulk requires specialized vessels and handling equipment, but can be an efficient solution for certain types of cargo.

Bulk cargo transportation:

Bulk transport refers to the transportation of loose, unpackaged goods such as coal, grain or ore. These goods are loaded directly into the holds of special bulk carriers and unloaded at the port of destination. This type of transportation is suitable for large quantities of homogeneous goods.

Sea freight therefore offers a wide range of options for transporting goods over long distances. 


Here is a table showing the external dimensions of various sea freight containers:

 This table lists the outside dimensions of the 20' DC (standard 20-foot container), 40' DC (standard 40-foot container), and 40' High Cube (40-foot container with increased height). The dimensions are in both feet and meters.

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