The transport of dangerous goods in Germany is strictly regulated and subject to several national and international regulations to ensure the safety and protection of people, the environment and property. In this context, various modes of transport such as air freight, sea freight and national/international truck transport are affected.
In Germany, the transport of dangerous goods is regulated by the Dangerous Goods Transport Act (GGBefG) and the corresponding ordinances such as the Dangerous Goods Ordinance for Road, Rail and Inland Navigation (GGVSEB) and the Dangerous Goods Exemption Ordinance (GGAV). These laws and ordinances are based on international regulations such as ADR (European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road), RID (Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail) and ADN (European Agreement concerning the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways).
The carriage of dangerous goods by air is regulated by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), whose regulations are set forth in the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR). These regulations apply to both domestic and international air transport and must be complied with by all parties involved in the transport. In Germany, the Air Traffic Licensing Regulations (LuftVZO) and the Regulation for the Implementation of Air Traffic Laws (LuftVDurchfV) also apply to the transport of dangerous goods.
The International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code regulations of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) apply to the transport of dangerous goods by sea. In Germany, the implementation of these regulations in national legislation is governed by the Maritime Shipping Act (SeeSchG) and the Ordinance on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Sea (Gefahrgutverordnung See - GGVSee).
National and international truck transport:
The transport of dangerous goods by road is subject to the ADR, which is implemented in Germany by the GGBefG and the GGVSEB. The regulations cover, among other things, packaging, labeling, load securing, vehicle and equipment requirements, and the qualification and training of the persons involved.
Responsibilities and training:
The responsibility for compliance lies with the parties involved in the transport, such as shippers, carriers, consignees and loaders. All parties involved must be trained and qualified to properly perform their duties in the transportation of dangerous goods. In Germany, training and certification are mandatory for dangerous goods officers, drivers and others involved in the transport. These include:
(a) Dangerous goods officers: according to the GGBefG, companies that transport, pack, load or unload dangerous goods must appoint a dangerous goods officer. The dangerous goods transport officer must complete special training and pass an examination to obtain certification. The main duties of a hazardous materials officer are to monitor and advise on hazardous materials compliance, provide training, and prepare annual reports.
b) Drivers: drivers transporting hazardous materials must hold an ADR certificate, which is issued after successfully completing an ADR training course and passing an examination. The training includes general dangerous goods regulations, vehicle-specific requirements, rules of conduct in case of emergency, and handling of special dangerous goods. The ADR certificate is valid for five years and must be renewed before expiration.
(c) Other persons involved: Persons involved with dangerous goods, such as shippers, warehouse personnel, and consignees, must also be properly trained. Training shall ensure that these individuals have sufficient knowledge of hazardous materials regulations and practices.
Emergency response and environmental protection:
The transportation of hazardous materials poses risks to people, the environment, and property. Therefore, the various sets of regulations also include provisions for emergency response and environmental protection. These include the use of safety data sheets, the provision of emergency equipment, the application of emergency response plans, and compliance with environmental protection regulations.
In summary, the transport of dangerous goods in Germany and in various modes of transport is governed by a large number of national and international regulations. Compliance with these regulations by all parties involved and regular training and certification of personnel are critical to the safety and protection of people, the environment and property.
For more information on dangerous goods transportation, visit www.csi-gefahrgut.de.
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